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refractory materials in glass using method

  • Construction Methods Of Refractory Materials In

    2017-6-23 · Construction Methods Of Refractory Materials In Glass Furnaces. More related products Fused Cast AZS Block Fused Cast Alumina Block ... The dry laying method is used in the bottom and sidewall of the melting zone and the channels, the hanging bricks of the flame space, the arch bricks of the melting zone and the fuels, the fused cast ...

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  • refractory materials using method -

    The feasibility of clays and refractory materials analysis by direct introduction of slurries in an inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) with axial viewing using the simplified generalized standard additions method (GSAM) was evaluated.The adopted approach is a multivariate extension of the conventional standard ...

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  • The Common Manufacturing Methods Of Refractories ...

    Refractory Materials in Glass Industry. ... This method minimizes the exudation of the glassy matrix of the refractory during service. The raw materials for the refractories may be oxidized before melting by heat treating to reduce the oxygen necessary for oxidizing the molten refractory. High density, small or large shapes are obtained.

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  • ANH Refractories HOT REPAIR SOLUTIONS AND

    2016-11-28 · IN GLASS FURNACES refractory materials REFRACTORY MATERIALS. glass machinery plants & accessories 1/2014 45 ... using the Shotkast® Installation method in order to provide solu-tions for the various crown mate-rials used in glass melting. In the event of a high-alumina crown

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  • Solubility of glass tank refractories using a small ...

    2020-7-15 · various methods used for testing of tank block refractory materials. It must be remembered that the testing me thod is very important, and should always be considered when interpreting the results , of the experiment. Three common methods of testing the effect of glass on refractory materials are: 1. Model tank method. 2.

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  • Refractory Degradation in Glass tank Melters. A Survey of ...

    2003-4-7 · (a rebonded AZS grain refractory with 30 wt. % Cr 2 O 3 in the matrix and fused AZS as the coarse aggregate) in wool glass melts using ASTM C-621 as the test. The main objective was to compare the relative glass corrosion resistance of this rebonded fused AZS-Cr 2 O 3 refractory with a typical A1 2 O 3-30 Cr 2 O 3 composition. The

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  • Surfaces of refractory products modified by low ...

    IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering OPEN ACCESS Surfaces of refractory products modified by low-temperature plasma in glass manufacturing To cite this article: V A Vlasov et al 2015 IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng. 71 012029 View the article online for updates and enhancements. Related content Using the low-temperature ...

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  • Types of Refractory Installation Methods in Malaysia -

    2021-4-14 · Apparently, refractory projects are fundamental for many sectors such as glass, cement, iron and steel, petrochemical, boiler, and coal-fired power generation. Hence, it is important to know what are the types of refractory installation and what’s the best refractory installation method to use for your facility.

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  • FURNACES AND REFRACTORIES - Modern Eq

    2019-9-4 · materials with different properties. Refractory materials are made in varying combinations and shapes depending on their applications. General requirements of a refractory material are: Withstand high temperatures Withstand sudden changes of temperatures Withstand action of molten metal slag, glass…

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  • THE IMPORTANCE AND TESTING OF DENSITY

    2010-3-26 · Density and porosity (AP, BD and ASG) can be measured of refractory materials using the Archimedes buoyancy technique with dry weights, soaked weights and immersed weights in water (mercury, xylene or denatured alcohol if the refractory is water sensitive) (Figure 2).

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  • Construction Methods Of Refractory Materials In

    2017-6-23 · Construction Methods Of Refractory Materials In Glass Furnaces. More related products Fused Cast AZS Block Fused Cast Alumina Block ... The dry laying method is used in the bottom and sidewall of the melting zone and the channels, the hanging bricks of the flame space, the arch bricks of the melting zone and the fuels, the fused cast ...

    Get Price
  • ANH Refractories HOT REPAIR SOLUTIONS AND

    2016-11-28 · IN GLASS FURNACES refractory materials REFRACTORY MATERIALS. glass machinery plants & accessories 1/2014 45 ... using the Shotkast® Installation method in order to provide solu-tions for the various crown mate-rials used in glass melting. In the event of a high-alumina crown

    Get Price
  • Testing > Refractory

    Standard Test Method for Testing of Glass Exudation from AZS Fusion-Cast Refractories. ASTM C1419. Standard Test Method for Sonic Velocity in Refractory Materials at Room Temperature and Its Use in Obtaining an Approximate Young's Modulus. ASTM C1445.

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  • Refractory Materials Classified | African Pegmatite

    2021-5-19 · Ground glass, although not a true refractory in its own right, offers enhanced properties to wider refractory materials.Akin to silica, its primary component, ground glass behaves like an acidic refractory. One particularly useful feature when using ground glass as part of a tundish or furnace lining refractory is that it is able to remove iron oxide from molten iron and steel(4).

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  • refractory materials suppliers using method

    The masonry process using refractory bricks and refractory castables is the most suitable masonry method used in the masonry process of lining refractory materials in the aluminum melting furnace. It is integrally cast with high-performance non-stick aluminum castable below the liquid level.

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  • Zirconia sol–gel coatings on alumina–silica refractory ...

    2009-11-15 · This is currently a challenging situation in using refractory materials from Europe that have been widely used for years for clear glass. We propose using a low-cost ZrO 2 coating to protect such refractories in this unique but small industry. Al 2 O 3 –SiO 2 based refractory materials are used extensively in the glass melting industry to ...

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  • Prediction of Effective Thermal Conductivity of Refractory ...

    ing refractory materials by the hot-wire method at tem-peraturesupto800°CwaspresentedearlierbyTomeczek and Suwak 29. In the present work, the thermal conductivity of the coked samples of dimensions 223 mm × 122 mm × 68 mm was measured in the range from room temperature up to 1000 °C using the parallel hot-wire technique according

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  • ISO 14719:2011(en), Chemical analysis of refractory ...

    This International Standard specifies a spectral photometric method with 1,10-phenanthroline for the quantitative determination of Fe 2 + and Fe 3 + in oxidic raw and basic materials for ceramics, glass and glazes, e.g. feldspar, kaolinites, clay, limestone, quartz refractory materials. This International Standard could be extended to other aluminosilicate materials, providing that uncertainty ...

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  • High temperature, refractory materials, bricks, fibers ...

    Spontaneous formation of multilayer refractory carbide coatings in a molten salt media, L Constantin, L Fan, M Pouey, J Roger, B Cui, Jean-François Silvain, and Yong Feng Lu, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 29 March, 2021. Partial replacement of a traditional raw material by blast furnace slag in developing a sustainable conventional refractory ...

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  • The method of obtaining porous refractory material

    The disadvantage of this method is the low strength characteristics and a relatively high density of the material obtained. The closest technical solution to the claimed invention is a method of obtaining porous refractory material (cellular concrete) according to EN 2064472, CL 04 In 38/02, 1996 (prototype).

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  • refractory materials suppliers using method

    The masonry process using refractory bricks and refractory castables is the most suitable masonry method used in the masonry process of lining refractory materials in the aluminum melting furnace. It is integrally cast with high-performance non-stick aluminum castable below the liquid level.

    Get Price
  • Discrete element modeling— A promising method for ...

    2020-3-2 · A promising method for refractory microstructure design By M. H. Moreira, T. M. Cunha, M. G. G. Campos, M. F. Santos, T. Santos Jr., D. André, and V. C. Pandolfelli Discrete element modeling is a tool with great potential for modeling refractory materials—if challenges to applying DEM for continuous problems are overcome. R

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  • (PDF) Mechanical and Thermal Shock Behavior of

    Both behaviors are correlated for these materials.The evolution of the refractory TSR can be made measuring the elastic modules relation using a quenching temperature difference of 1000 • C in an easy and inexpensive way.de Recursos Minerales y Cerámica, CIC-CONICET La Plata), Camino Centenario y 506, C.C.49, (B1897ZCA) M.B. Gonnet, Buenos ...

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  • Chromium-Rich Oxide Refractories in

    2019-4-12 · Refractory glass contact corrosion is a common problem for the glass industry. Among the various methods of testing the corrosion rate of refractory bricks, the small- scale crucible-coupon corrosion test is the most efficient way to compare the corrosion resistance of refractory materials to a given glass melt. Previous experience gained from

    Get Price
  • The method of obtaining porous refractory material

    The disadvantage of this method is the low strength characteristics and a relatively high density of the material obtained. The closest technical solution to the claimed invention is a method of obtaining porous refractory material (cellular concrete) according to EN 2064472, CL 04 In 38/02, 1996 (prototype).

    Get Price
  • Zirconia sol–gel coatings on alumina–silica refractory ...

    2009-11-15 · This is currently a challenging situation in using refractory materials from Europe that have been widely used for years for clear glass. We propose using a low-cost ZrO 2 coating to protect such refractories in this unique but small industry. Al 2 O 3 –SiO 2 based refractory materials are used extensively in the glass melting industry to ...

    Get Price
  • Sunrise Refractory Oxidation Method Fused

    2020-8-12 · In 2011, China's refractory production accounted for about 65% of the world's total, and production and sales ranked first in the world's refractory materials. AZS oxidation method fused zirconia corundum products are made by high-quality purification raw materials, using a special electric arc furnace, and undergoing a long arc melting and ...

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  • THE IMPORTANCE AND TESTING OF DENSITY

    2010-3-26 · Density and porosity (AP, BD and ASG) can be measured of refractory materials using the Archimedes buoyancy technique with dry weights, soaked weights and immersed weights in water (mercury, xylene or denatured alcohol if the refractory is water sensitive) (Figure 2).

    Get Price
  • FURNACES AND REFRACTORIES - Modern Eq

    2019-9-4 · Refractory chamber constructed of insulating materials to retain heat at high operating temperatures. Hearth to support or carry the steel, which consists of refractory materials supported by a steel structure, part of which is water-cooled. Burners that use liquid or gaseous fuels to raise and maintain the temperature in the chamber.

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  • Surface tension measurements of refractory liquids

    Liquid surface tension measurements using the sessile drop, pendant drop and drop weight methods are discussed. These measurements refer to high temperature materials which melt at temperatures greater than 2000° C. The liquid surface tension of copper was determined to be 1212 dyn/cm at its melting point, and that of Al2O3 to be 600 dyn/cm at its melting point.

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  • Refractory Degradation in Glass tank Melters. A Survey of ...

    2003-4-7 · (a rebonded AZS grain refractory with 30 wt. % Cr 2 O 3 in the matrix and fused AZS as the coarse aggregate) in wool glass melts using ASTM C-621 as the test. The main objective was to compare the relative glass corrosion resistance of this rebonded fused AZS-Cr 2 O 3 refractory with a typical A1 2 O 3-30 Cr 2 O 3 composition. The

    Get Price
  • INTRODUCTION TO CERAMICS, GLASS AND REFRACTORIES

    2017-4-18 · Refractory materials are either Physical form pressed bricks or hand formed using graded powder and water such as: 1) Ramming: Wet ramming masses are used immediately on opening. 2) Castablesrefractory materials contain binder such as aluminatecement 3)Mortars are finely ground refractory materials used to fill the gap created by a deformed shell

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  • Chromium-Rich Oxide Refractories in

    2019-4-12 · Refractory glass contact corrosion is a common problem for the glass industry. Among the various methods of testing the corrosion rate of refractory bricks, the small- scale crucible-coupon corrosion test is the most efficient way to compare the corrosion resistance of refractory materials to a given glass melt. Previous experience gained from

    Get Price
  • AZS refractory(Glass refractory) - AZS-33 - Winna

    2011-10-23 · AZS refractory is applied to glass furnace or frit furnace. Using zircon sand as raw materials, after melting, cast in the mould, then cooling and curdle.The AZS's cast method is Normal Cavity(PT),Oriented Cavity(QX),Cavity Free(CF) and Reduced Cavity(RC). Different cast methods of AZS product are suitable for different glass kiln part's ...

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  • Specialty Glass and Glazes for Refractory Materials

    SPECIALTY GLASS AND GLAZES FOR REFRACTORY MATERIALS . Ferro offers a wide range of specialty glass and glazes used in refractory materials. These materials are designed to be used in different refractory applications and can be applied as sinter agents, coatings, or additives to introduce different properties.

    Get Price
  • REFRACTORY AND CERAMIC MATERIALS - CORE

    2020-1-17 · REFRACTORY AND CERAMIC MATERIALS CRACK RESISTANCE OF MODERN CERAMICS AND CERAMIC COMPOSITES. II. EF METHOD G. A. Gogotsi UDC 621.762 The procedure and test results are for crack resistance are presented for various monolithic and composite oxide and nonoxide ceramics by chipping the rectangular edge of a polished specimen. The

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  • FURNACES AND REFRACTORIES - Modern Eq

    2019-9-4 · Refractory chamber constructed of insulating materials to retain heat at high operating temperatures. Hearth to support or carry the steel, which consists of refractory materials supported by a steel structure, part of which is water-cooled. Burners that use liquid or gaseous fuels to raise and maintain the temperature in the chamber.

    Get Price
  • 11.5 Refractory Manufacturing

    2015-9-10 · Refractory manufacturing involves four processes: raw material processing, forming, firing, and final processing. Figure 11.5-1 illustrates the refractory manufacturing process. Raw material processing consists of crushing and grinding raw materials, followed if necessary by size classification and raw materials calcining and drying.

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  • Standard Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of

    2017-2-20 · Standard Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Refractory Materials at Room Temperature 1 This standard is issued under the Þxed designation C 704/C 704M; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision.

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  • Chrome Flour | Refractory Application | African

    2021-6-1 · Physical classifications are shaped refractory materials, unshaped or monolithic refractory materials, and fibrous refractory materials. Chemical classifications are basic, acidic, and neutral. These materials are used in the manufacture of thermal-resistant cements and bricks used in the foundry industry, as well as in ladle and filler sands.

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  • Surfaces of refractory products modified by low ...

    IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering OPEN ACCESS Surfaces of refractory products modified by low-temperature plasma in glass manufacturing To cite this article: V A Vlasov et al 2015 IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng. 71 012029 View the article online for updates and enhancements. Related content Using the low-temperature ...

    Get Price
  • The Molding Methods of Refractory Materials -

    2016-10-14 · Refractory materials have many molding methods, in addition to pressure molding method, contain the vibration molding, ramming molding, plastic molding, slip casting molding, casting molding, hot press molding and hot die casting molding, etc.. Vibration molding; Vibration molding is to use the mud material under the action of vibration, dynamical friction instead of static friction, inner mud ...

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  • Discrete element modeling— A promising method for ...

    2020-3-2 · A promising method for refractory microstructure design By M. H. Moreira, T. M. Cunha, M. G. G. Campos, M. F. Santos, T. Santos Jr., D. André, and V. C. Pandolfelli Discrete element modeling is a tool with great potential for modeling refractory materials—if challenges to applying DEM for continuous problems are overcome. R

    Get Price
  • Method for making refractory material

    The invention relates to the production of refractories, and in particular to methods for refractory sealing and coating materials, and can be used for production of sealing, dividing, sealing, etc. products in the form of tapes, cords, plates, profiles, etc. used in industries with high temperatures, vipavski metal, and filling metal in a continuous billet, casting of ingots, styles, etc.

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  • Specialty Glass and Glazes for Refractory Materials

    SPECIALTY GLASS AND GLAZES FOR REFRACTORY MATERIALS . Ferro offers a wide range of specialty glass and glazes used in refractory materials. These materials are designed to be used in different refractory applications and can be applied as sinter agents, coatings, or additives to introduce different properties.

    Get Price
  • Porous mullite refractory material and method thereof

    Known mullite refractory material selected for the prototype contains the number 61-72 wt.% the mullite composition l 2 ABOUT 3 SiO 2 where x=68-70 wt.% and y= 30-32 wt.%, received exothermic synthesis original mix blend containing silicon dioxide and aluminum, with liquid glass. The method of obtaining this material includes the preparation of ...

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  • Refractory Testing - NETZSCH Thermal Academy

    Several methods have been developed for the determination of thermal conductivity of refractory and heat insulating materials at elevated temperatures. The only internationally standardized method is the hot-wire method (ISO 8894). The hot-wire method is a dynamic, absolute method based on the measurement of the temperature increase

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  • THE IMPORTANCE AND TESTING OF DENSITY

    2010-3-26 · Density and porosity (AP, BD and ASG) can be measured of refractory materials using the Archimedes buoyancy technique with dry weights, soaked weights and immersed weights in water (mercury, xylene or denatured alcohol if the refractory is water sensitive) (Figure 2).

    Get Price
  • US Patent for Glass manufacturing method using

    2013-12-20 · One subject of the invention is a process for manufacturing a glass, the chemical composition of which comprises at least 3% by weight of iron oxide, expressed in the form Fe2O3, comprising a step of electric melting, using electrodes submerged in the molten glass, of a vitrifiable batch material mixture containing at least one manganese carrier wherein the manganese is in an …

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  • IS 12107-10: Methods of Chemical Analysis of

    Section Name: Ores and Raw Materials (MTD 13) Designator of Legally Binding Document: IS 12107-10 Title of Legally Binding Document: Methods of Chemical Analysis of Alumino-silicate Refractory Materials, Part 10: Determination of Iron Manganese, Calcium and Magnesium by Atomic Absorption Spectrometric Method

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